Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Library Logo Kalamazoo Valley Home Library Home Library Search

Art & New Media (ANM at CNM): Copyright & Fair Use

Books, Tips and Equipment

Copyright and Fair Use

What is Copyright?

According to the Library of Congress, "copyright refers to the author's (creators of all sorts such as writers, photographers, artists, film producers, composers, and programmers) exclusive right to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies, and publicly perform and display their works."

Finding Media That is Okay To Use

Almost everything is copyrighted and requires permission from its author to use. There are, however, some exceptions: 

"Specially-licensed" - There is a lot of media that has been made available for anyone to use, waiving the need to obtain direct permission from the author. For example, a very common license is an "Attribution" license, meaning that you can use the media for any purpose as long as you give credit to the creator somewhere in your work. The non-profit organization Creative Commons offers a variety of attribution licenses that creators apply to their work to make available for public use. Learn more about Creative Commons licensingSearch for works with a Creative Commons license.

"Public Domain" - Works that are not copyrighted and are publically available are considered in the "public domain." Works exist in the public domain usually for one of three reasons: 1) they are very old, 2) the copyright has expired, 3) the work was created by the federal government. It can be hard to determine if something is in the public domain, so your best bet is to try to find a licensed alternative. Learn more about when different works entered the public domain. Find out if the work you want to use is copyrighted.

Understand Fair Use

"Fair Use" is a provision in US copyright law that imposes limits and exceptions to the exclusive rights of authors / creators.

It means that you can use copyright-protected media without asking for permission if is considered fair, such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research.

Fair Use Guidelines for student projects:

  • Always give full credit - In your citation you should include the creator, title of the work, date of publication, and URL. (Note: "youtube.com" should never be cited as the creator - it is always the user or company who made the original content)
  • Only use a small amount (e.g. 5-10 seconds of video or music)
  • If shared online, make your video private. Do not make your project publicly-available -- for example, there are settings in Youtube.com to make videos "unlisted" so that only people with a link will ever see your video.

Learn more about Fair Use:

 

KVCC Librarians are informed about copyright, fair use, plagiarism, and related issues. Unfortunately, they are not lawyers or copyright experts. The following links are provided for further information.

Further Reading and Copyright Resources Copyright Clearance Center. 

Hirtle, Peter B. Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States.

United States Copyright Office. . Copyright basics. 

United States Copyright Office.  Reproduction of copyrighted works by educators and librarians

United States Copyright Office. Fair use.

 

Fan Art and Copyright